Hemp CBD Products, Hemp Tea Benefits and You.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a molecule found in plant species such as agricultural (or industrial) hemp, echinacea, cannabis sativa, kale, and other plants. CBD is one of over 450 distinct compounds within hemp: it is clear that cannabis and CBD are two entirely different things. Cannabidiol is a phytocannabinoid (plant based), it is not psychoactive and has anti-psychotic effects.
Due to decades of old laws throughout most of the western world banning the cultivation or use of marijuana, clinical research into CBD and the human endocannabinoid regulatory system is not as advanced as might be expected. In fact, it might not be wrong to say that the endocannabinoid system has a leading role in one of the last great mysteries of how the human body works.
Michelle Reillo, Ph. D and co-founder of ViPovaTM has written that, “The human endocannabinoid system is responsible for memory networks in the brain, both excitatory and inhibitory, including the neurogenesis of hippocampal granule cells, which regulate the timing of the endocannabinoids in accordance with the brain’s needs, pain perception, mood, synaptic plasticity, motor learning, appetite and taste regulation, and metabolic function, which regulates the storage of energy and transport of cellular nutrition. CB1 receptors are located in the central and peripheral nervous systems as well as the lungs, kidneys, and liver. CB2 receptors are predominantly expressed in the immune system and hematopoietic cells.”
There is a vast amount of research required to unlock the knowledge of precisely how CBD interacts with the endocannabinoid system; and how these influence or affect human health. But already, early indications are astonishing to many observers. Documented research has implicated the endocannabinoid system and/or cannabidiol to each of the following conditions:
- Alzheimer’s disease and dementia
- Anxiety and Depression
- Cardiovascular function
- Headache and migraine
- Huntington’s disease
- Immune function
- Irritable bowel disease
- Liver disease
- Metabolism and energy homeostasis
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Nausea and vomiting
- Neural development
- Neuropathic pain or chronic pain
- Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis
- Post-traumatic stress disorder
- Parkinson’s disease
- Psychiatric disease
- Psychomotor behavior
- Schizophrenia and psychosis
- Spinal cord injury and disease
- Stress and emotional state regulation
- Tourette’s Syndrome
- Wake/sleep cycles
- Wasting syndrome in AIDS and cancer patients
The list is so comprehensive it is staggering. No claim has been made and no claim is being made that CBD “cures” any of these conditions or diseases. However, thousands of researches, usually working independently of each other, have discovered links or associations of some kind, between CBD or the endocannabinoid system, and each of these diseases or conditions.
It seems clear that, with links or effects to such a widely varied group of conditions, the endocannabinoid system plays a central role in human health, even if that role is currently poorly understood.
Perversely, much of the research to date has been conducted on cannabis the plant, not necessarily with regard to which of the +450 compounds within the cannabis might be responsible for noted outcomes. The majority of such studies temper potential beneficial outcomes with remarks of the negative psychotropic effects that are often associated with tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
It is always important to remember that THC, cannabis, and CBD are distinctly different things. As well, the interrelationships between the hundreds of various molecules that together make up the cannabis plant are poorly understood and require much more research before science understands them more clearly.
Much of the research conducted to date has been with animals or is laboratory research and is not based on human clinical studies. Pre-clinical animal studies may have predictive value but may not translate accurately from an animal species to humans. In humans, there is also always the possibility of placebo effect, though that is not likely possible in animal studies.
Lexaria’s patented technology formulates its products to infuse CBD within lipids in order to provide a potentially more comforting and bioavailable delivery to the human digestive system. It will take the collective work and research of thousands of highly trained professionals to determine whether there are actually any health benefits associated with ingesting CBD, and if so, how best to optimize CBD delivery. We do not know the answers today.
Sources for this article:
Information For Health Care Professionals, Hanan Abramovici, Ph.D., Health Canada, 2013
Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, Michael Bostwick, February 2012
Scientists Uncover How CBD Treats MS, Alters Cholesterol Metabolism, FreedomIsGreen.com, Jahan Marcu, May 25, 2011
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Alessia Ligresti et.al, 2006
Phytomedicine, Barbara Romano et al, 2013